 NonDwelling Buildings Load Calculations Part One
 NonDwelling Buildings Load Calculations Part Two
 NonDwelling Buildings Load Calculations Part Three
 NonDwelling Buildings Load Calculations Part Four
 NonDwelling Buildings Load Calculations Part Five
 NonDwelling Buildings Load Calculations Part Six
 NonDwelling Buildings Load Calculations Part Seven
 Electrical Load Calculator for NonDwelling Buildings
I also indicated that the NEC Optional calculation method can be applied only for the following NonDwelling buildings as permitted by NEC, Part IV. Optional Feeder and Service Load Calculations:
 Schools,
 Existing Installations,
 New Restaurants.
Today, I will explain the load calculations for these special NonDwelling Buildings (Schools, Existing Installations and New Restaurants) by using NEC optional method.
First: Schools
Procedure for School Load Calculation by NEC Optional Method
This optional method calculation procedure for schools can be divided into four easy steps as follows:
Step#1: Find the total connected load.
Step#2: find the average voltampere per square foot (VA/ft2).
Step#3: applying the Table 220.86 demand factors.
First: Schools
Important!!!
As with dwellings, there are two
methods for calculating services or feeders for schools as follows:

Rule#1: Condition for Using NEC Optional Load Calculation Method
for Schools
In accordance with 220.86, using
the optional calculation method is only permissible if the school is equipped
with electric space heating, air conditioning or both.

Rule#2: Load Calculation for Feeders within the School Building
If the School building or structure
has been calculated by the optional method, it will be necessary to calculate
the loads of feeders within the School building or structure by the NEC
Standard Method. Calculating feeders within the School building or structure by
the optional method shall not be permitted.

Important!!!
If, by using the NEC Standard
Method, the ampacity of an individual feeder is greater than the ampacity
required for the entire building, it shall not be required that the ampere
rating of the feeder be larger than the ampere rating of the service.

Rule#3: Load Calculation for Portable Classroom Buildings
Although many schools have portable
classroom buildings, using the NEC Optional Method to calculate loads to
those portable classroom buildings shall not be permitted. It must be
calculated by NEC Standard Method.

Rule#4: Neutral Load Calculation
There is no optional method for
calculating neutral loads; therefore, neutral loads must be determined in
accordance with 220.61.

Procedure for School Load Calculation by NEC Optional Method
This optional method calculation procedure for schools can be divided into four easy steps as follows:
Step#1: Find the total connected load.
Important!!!
The connected load shall include all of the interior and
exterior lighting, power, water heating, cooking, other loads and the larger
of the air conditioning load or space heating load within the building or
structure.

Important!!!
When calculating the total load of a school note the following:

Step#2: find the average voltampere per square foot (VA/ft2).
Step#3: applying the Table 220.86 demand factors.
Step#4: multiplying the derated voltampere per square foot by the squarefoot area of the school to get the new derated feeder or service load of the school.
Example#1:
What is the service load calculation for a school with a total connected load of 750 kilovoltamperes (kVA) and a floor area of 30,000 square feet?
Solution:
Step#1: Find the total connected load
The total connected load is provided and is 750 kVA
Step#2: find the average voltampere per square foot (VA/ft2).
To find voltamperes per square foot, divide the total connected load by the total squarefoot area of the school.
The average voltamperes per square foot = 750,000 VA ÷ 30,000 ft2 = 25 VA/ft2
Step#3: applying the Table 220.86 demand factors.
Multiply the first 3 (VA/ft2) by 100% = 3 VA/ft2
The Reminder = 25 – 3 = 22 VA/ft2
Multiply the next 17 by 75% = 17 x 75% = 12.75 VA/ft2
The Reminder = 22 17 = 5 VA/ft2
Multiply the reminder by 25% = 5 x 25% = 1.25 VA/ft2
After applying the demand factors in table 220.86, the VA/ft2 = 3 + 12.75 + 1.25 = 17 VA/ft2
Step#4: multiplying the derated voltampere per square foot by the squarefoot area of the school to get the new derated feeder or service load of the school.
derated service load of the school = 17 VA/ft2 x 30,000 ft2 = 510,000 VA = 510 KVA
Second: Determining Existing Loads for Existing Installations
Important!!!
there are two methods for
calculating services or feeders for Existing Installations as follows:

Important!!!
The purpose of doing service
and feeder calculations for an existing dwelling unit is to determine if the
existing service or feeder is of sufficient capacity to serve a required
additional loads or not.

Rule#5: Conditions
Of adding new loads to An Existing Dwelling Unit
In accordance with 220.87, when calculating a feeder
or service load for existing installations, regardless of the type of
occupancy, it shall be permissible to use actual maximum demand to determine
the existing load where meeting three conditions:

Important!!!
For condition#1 in Rule#5
above, If the maximum demand data for a 1year period is not available, the
calculated load shall be permitted to be based on the maximum demand (measure
of average power demand over a 15minute period) continuously recorded over a
minimum 30day period using a recording ammeter or power meter connected to
the highest loaded phase of the feeder or service, based on the initial
loading at the start of the recording. The recording shall reflect the
maximum demand of the feeder or service by being taken when the building or
space is occupied and shall include by measurement or calculation the larger
of the heating or cooling equipment load, and other loads that may be
periodic in nature due to seasonal or similar conditions.

Important!!!
For
condition#2 in Rule#5 above, apply the NEC standard Calculation method to get
the total load as follows:
Total Load = Existing Load Value + New Load
Where:
Existing Load Value = Max
demand Value for a 1year period from 220.87(1) x 125%
New Load = Continuous loads x
125 % + Noncontinuous loads x 100 %

Important!!!
If condition#2 in Rule#5
above is not verified, you need to increase ampacity
of the feeder and/or rating of the service to be able to add new loads to an
existing dwelling unit.

Example#2:
A business owner wants to add equipment to an existing building. The new equipment will not replace any of the existing equipment. The existing service has a rating of 1,200 amperes (A). A peakdemand meter has been connected to the service for more than a year. The maximum demand data from the peakdemand meter shows a demand of 743A.
The new equipment that has a calculated load (in accordance with standard load calculation procedures) of 251A. Does this existing service have an ampere rating high enough for the existing loads and the new loads?
Solution:
Existing Load Value = Max demand Value for a 1year period from 220.87(1) x 125% = 743 x 125% = 929 A
New Load = 251 A
New Service Load = Existing Load Value + New Load = 929 + 251 = 1,180 A
Since the existing service is rated 1,200A, this installation will be Codecompliant
Third: New Restaurants
Important!!!
As with dwellings and schools,
there are two methods for calculating services or feeders for New Restaurants as follows:

Rule#6: NEC
Optional Method Load Calculation of service or feeders for New Restaurants
As 220.88 states, instead of using
the NEC Standard Method in Part III of Article 220, the calculation of a
service or feeder load for a new restaurant shall be permitted by the NEC
Optional Method in accordance with Table 220.88.

Important!!!
In accordance with section 220.88,
The feeder has overcurrent protection in accordance with 240.4, and the
service has overload protection in accordance with 230.90.

Important!!!
In accordance with section 220.88, Feeder
conductors shall not be required to be of greater ampacity than the service
conductors.

Rule#7: Neutral Load Calculation
There is no optional method for
calculating neutral loads; therefore, neutral loads must be determined in
accordance with 220.61.

Procedure for New Restaurants Load Calculation by NEC Optional Method
This optional method calculation procedure for New Restaurants can be divided into four easy steps as follows:
Step#1: Find the new restaurant’s total connected load in kilovoltamperes (kVA).
Important!!!
In accordance with the note under Table 220.88, the
total connected load must include all electrical loads, including both
heating and cooling loads.

Important!!!
When calculating the total load of a new restaurant note the following:

Step#2: determine the type of the new restaurant: all electric and not all electric. If it is all electric, use the second Column of table 220.88. If it is not all electric, use the third column.
Step#3: Once the new restaurant’s total connected load has been calculated, select the row with the range of numbers that includes the total connected load.
Step#4: get the new derated feeder or service load of the new restaurant as follows:
A for All Electric new restaurants:
 If the connected load is no more than 200 kVA, multiply the calculated load by 80 percent.
 If the total connected load is more than 200 kVA, an additional math step is required as per the appropriate row in table 220.88.
B for Not All Electric new restaurants:
 If the connected load is no more than 200 kVA, the calculated load must be taken at 100 percent.
 If the connected load is more than 200 kVA, an additional math step is required as per the appropriate row in table 220.88.
Example#3:
What is the optional method service load calculation for a new restaurant with a total connected load of 180 kVA? This new restaurant will be all electric.
Solution:
Step#1: Find the new restaurant’s total connected load in kilovoltamperes (kVA).
The total connected load is given = 180 KVA
Step#2: determine the type of the new restaurant: all electric and not all electric.
The type of new restaurant is all electric
Step#3: select the first row (0–200 KVA).
Step#4: get the new derated service load of the new restaurant as follows:
The connected load is less than 200 kVA, multiply the connected load by 80 percent
The new derated service load of the new restaurant = 180 x 80% = 144 kVA
Example#4:
What is the optional method service load calculation for a new restaurant with a total connected load of 394 kVA? This new restaurant will be all electric.
Solution:
Step#1: Find the new restaurant’s total connected load in kilovoltamperes (kVA).
The total connected load is given = 394 KVA
Step#2: determine the type of the new restaurant: all electric and not all electric.
The type of new restaurant is all electric
Step#3: since the total connected load is given = 394 KVA, select the third row (326–800 KVA).
Step#4: get the new derated service load of the new restaurant as follows:
Calculate the amount over 325= 394 – 325 = 69 KVA
Now multiply the amount over 325 by 50 percent = 69 KVA x 50% = 34.5 KVA
Finally, The optional method service load calculation for this new restaurant = 34.5 KVA + 172.5 KVA = 207 KVA
Example#5:
What is the optional method service load calculation for a new restaurant with a total connected load of 455 kVA? This new restaurant will be supplied by natural gas and electricity.
Solution:
Step#1: Find the new restaurant’s total connected load in kilovoltamperes (kVA).
The total connected load is given = 455 KVA
Step#2: determine the type of the new restaurant: all electric and not all electric.
The type of new restaurant is Not all electric
Step#3: since the total connected load is given = 455 KVA, select the third row (326–800 KVA).
Step#4: get the new derated service load of the new restaurant as follows:
Calculate the amount over 325= 455 – 325 = 130 KVA
Now multiply the amount over 325 by 45 percent = 130 KVA x 45% = 58.5 KVA
Finally, The optional method service load calculation for this new restaurant = 58.5 KVA + 262.5 KVA = 321 KVA
In the next article, I will explain Farm load calculations. Please, keep following.
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