In article " Receptacle Branch Circuit Design Calculations – Part Three ", I stated that a Receptacle in dwelling units may serve one of the following loads:
 Generaluse Receptacle Loads,
 Small appliance Loads,
 Laundry Load,
 Cloth dryer Load,
 Fastenedinplace Appliance loads,
 Household cooking appliances load,
 Heating and air conditioning loads,
 Motor loads.
I explained the first two types in the following articles:
In the following paragraphs, I will explain Where and how to distribute each load outlets in a dwelling building as per NEC code.
You can review the following articles for more information:
3 Laundry Load Branch circuits
Definition:
As per NEC section 550.2 Laundry Area
is An area containing or designed to contain a laundry tray, clothes washer,
or a clothes dryer.

3.1 Applied NEC Rules for Laundry branch circuit
There are many NEC rules that control the location and load of Laundry branch circuit including:
 210.11 (C)(2) Required Laundry Branch Circuits in Dwelling Units
 210.50 (C) Appliance Receptacle Outlets
 210.52 (F) Laundry Areas
 220.52 (B) SmallAppliance and Laundry Loads in Dwelling Unit
 210.23 (A) Permissible Loads for 15 and 20Ampere Branch Circuits
3.2 Rules controlling Laundry Branch Circuit
Rule#1: Number of Laundry branch circuits
In each dwelling unit, At
least one 20ampere branch circuit shall be provided to supply the laundry
receptacle outlet(s).

Rule#2: Dedicated usage of Laundry branch circuits
The laundry branch
circuits required in a dwelling unit(s) by shall supply only the receptacle
outlets specified for Laundry use and this circuit shall have no other
outlets supplying other loads.(see below image)

Rule#3: Multifamily
dwellings, Laundry in public area
As per NEC section 210.25(A), Branch circuits in each dwelling unit
shall supply only loads within that dwelling unit or loads associated only
with that dwelling unit.
So, In multifamily
dwellings building, if Laundry facilities are provided on the premises and
are available to all building tenants (as a common usage). the laundry branch
circuit will not be added to each individual dwelling unit.
This Laundry branch circuits for public or common areas are required to
be supplied from a separate “house load” panelboard. This requirement permits
access to the branchcircuit disconnecting means without the need to enter
the space of any tenants. The requirement also prevents a tenant from turning
off important circuits that may affect other tenants.

Rule#4: special case, no laundry facilities permitted
As per Rule#3, In other
than onefamily dwellings where laundry facilities are not to be installed or
permitted, a laundry receptacle shall not be required.

Rule#5: Location of receptacle outlet used for Laundry
Appliance receptacle
outlets installed in a dwelling unit for specific appliances, such as laundry
equipment, shall be installed within 1.8 m (6 ft) of the intended location of
the appliance.

3.3 Calculation of Laundry load
A For feeder and service calculation purposes:
Rule#6: Laundry branch circuit load
In each dwelling unit, a load of not less than 1500
voltamperes shall be included for each 2wire laundry branch circuit
installed.
Where additional laundry branch circuits are
provided, they also are calculated at 1500 voltamperes per circuit.

Important!!!
If Rule#3 above is
applicable, then no Laundry load will be added for feeder calculation of each
dwelling unit and the Laundry branch circuits load will be added to the
“house load” panelboard.

B For branch circuit requirements (conductor ampacity & size and overcurrent protection) calculation
This will be explained in coming articles, however you can review the calculation for maximum number of allowable receptacles on a branch circuit which was discussed before in previous article " Receptacle Branch Circuit Design Calculations – Part Three ".
3.4 How to specify the required Type of receptacles for Laundry branch circuits?
A GFCI Type
The type of 15 or 20ampere, 125volt receptacle that is required to be supplied from the laundry branch circuit will depend on the washing machine location as follows: a If the washing machine is located in the bathroom:
As per NEC section 210.8 A (1), There are no exceptions to the bathroom GFCI requirement. So, the 15 or 20ampere, 125volt receptacle must be GFCI protected. b If the washing machine is located in the Laundry Area or in a kitchen:
The 15 or 20ampere, 125volt receptacle will not be GFCI protected.
B TamperResistant type
TamperResistant receptacles are intended to increase safety for children.
A single receptacle or a duplex receptacle located within dedicated space for appliance that, in normal use, is not easily moved from one place to another ( like dishwashers, refrigerators, washing machines, and the like ) shall not be required to be tamperresistant.
4 Clothes Dryer Load
4.1 Applied NEC Rules for Clothes Dryer Load
There are many NEC rules that control the location and load of Clothes Dryer including:
4.2 Rules controlling Clothes Dryer Load
4.3 Calculation of Clothes dryer load
 210.50 (C) Appliance Receptacle Outlets
 220.54 Electric Clothes Dryers in Dwelling Unit(s)
 220.53 Appliance Load — Dwelling Unit(s)
4.2 Rules controlling Clothes Dryer Load
Rule#1: Location of receptacle outlet used for Clothes Dryer
Appliance receptacle
outlets installed in a dwelling unit for specific appliances, such as laundry
equipment, shall be installed within 1.8 m (6 ft) of the intended location of
the appliance.

Rule#2: Circuit ratings for Clothes Dryer
Highwattage cordandplugconnected loads, such as electric ranges,
clothes dryers, and some window air conditioners, may be connected to a
208volt or 240volt 3 phase, 4 wire circuit.
Same can be done by using single phase multiwire circuits that can supply
both linetoline and linetoneutral connected loads as in below image.

Rule#3: Not
FastenedinPlace Appliances
As per NEC section 220.53, electric
ranges, clothes dryers, spaceheating equipment or air conditioning equipment
must not be included with the number of appliances that are fastened in place.
Also, All portable small Appliances for kitchen and others are not
FastenedinPlace Appliances.

4.3 Calculation of Clothes dryer load
A For feeder and service calculation purposes:
Important!!!
If a dwelling unit doesn’t include a clothes dryer,
no Load for clothes dryer will be added for feeder calculation of this
dwelling unit.

Important!!!
A combination of clothes washer and clothes dryer (see
below image) will be handled in calculations as it is a clothes dryer. But
the branch circuit and 125V receptacle outlet for laundry is still required
i.e. minimum Laundry requirements is mandatory while clothes dryer
requirements is not.

Important!!!
Kilovoltamperes (kVA) shall be considered
equivalent to kilowatts (kW) for clothes dryer loads.

First: As per NEC Standard calculation method:
Rule#4: clothes dryers load in NEC Standard calculation
method
As per NEC section 220.54, the load for household
electric clothes dryers in a dwelling unit(s) shall be either 5000 watts
(voltamperes) or the nameplate rating, whichever is larger, for each dryer
served.

Important!!!
The NEC does not prohibit applying the full load of
all dryers to a service and/or feeder calculation especially when all the
clothes dryers are in a common Laundry area in a multifamily dwelling
because It is possible that all dryers will be operating at one time in a
laundry facility. But when each tenant has separate clothes dryer, it is
unlikely that all dryers will be in operation simultaneously. So, Table 220.54 Demand Factors for
Household Electric Clothes Dryers will be used.

In multifamily dwelling, where two or more singlephase dryers are supplied by a 3phase, 4wire feeder or service, follow the below steps:
 Step#1: Assign the maximum number of dryers connected between any two phases.
 Step#2: The total number of clothes dryers between two phases = 2 x the maximum number of clothes dryers connected between any two phases  (Result#1)
 Step#3: 2phase Total “connected load” for clothes = totals of all the clothes dryers loads x (Result#1)  (Result#2)
 Step#4: Based on The total number of clothes dryers between two phases (Result#1), assign the demand factor from Table 220.54.
 Step#5: 2phase Total “demand load” for clothes dryers = (Result#2) X Demand factor  (Result#3)
 Step#6: service 3phase Total “demand load” = (Result#3) X 3/2
Example#1:
What is the minimum service load for a 4.7 KW combination clothes washer and dryer?
Solution:
A combination of clothes washer and clothes dryer will be handled in calculations as it is a clothes dryer.
So, the minimum service load for a 4.7 KW combination clothes washer and dryer = 5000 watts = 5 KW
Example#2:
In a multifamily dwelling with 10 dwelling units, assuming the load of 10 singlephase dryers is connected as evenly as possible to the 3phase system (3 dryers connected between phases A and B, 3 dryers connected between phases B and C, and 4 dryers connected between phases A and C), as in below image.
3phase Dryer load without applying the 220.54 demand factor = 5500 VA x 10 = 55,000 VA
Step#1: The maximum number of dryers connected between any two phases is 4
Step#2: Twice the maximum number of dryers connected between any two phases is used as the basis for calculating the demand load = 4 dryers x 2 = 8 dryers
Step#3: 2phase Total “connected load”= 8 x 5500 VA = 44,000 VA Step#4: from Table 220.54, for 8 dryers, demand factor = 60%
Step#5: 2phase Total “demand load”= 44,000 VA x 0.6 = 26,400 VA (connected between two phases of the 3phase system)
Step#6: service 3phase Total “demand load” = 26,400 VA x 3/2 = 39,600 VA
Second: As per NEC Optional calculation method:
Step#1: The maximum number of dryers connected between any two phases is 4
Step#2: Twice the maximum number of dryers connected between any two phases is used as the basis for calculating the demand load = 4 dryers x 2 = 8 dryers
Step#3: 2phase Total “connected load”= 8 x 5500 VA = 44,000 VA Step#4: from Table 220.54, for 8 dryers, demand factor = 60%
Step#5: 2phase Total “demand load”= 44,000 VA x 0.6 = 26,400 VA (connected between two phases of the 3phase system)
Step#6: service 3phase Total “demand load” = 26,400 VA x 3/2 = 39,600 VA
Second: As per NEC Optional calculation method:
Rule#5: Application of NEC Optional calculation method
NEC Optional calculation method will be used if the
following condition is verified:

Important!!!
If the serviceentrance ampacity calculated by the
optional method is less than 100A, recalculate with using the standard
method.

Important!!!
In NEC Optional calculation method, for a
multifamily dwelling, Table 220.84 “Optional Calculations — Demand Factors
for Three or More Multifamily Dwelling Units” will be used if the following
conditions are verified:

Important!!!
The optional calculation can be used, provided all
of the conditions for using table 220.84 listed above are met. Otherwise, the
calculation for the multifamily dwelling is performed by using standard
calculation method.

Important!!!
In Optional calculation method, note the following:
The dryer
load is not subject to an individual demand factor as required by table
220.54 for NEC Standard calculation method.
The nameplate of the clothes dryer will be used,
even if it is less than 5000 watts.

In a multifamily dwelling, for Optional calculation method, follow the below steps:
 Step#1: Total “connected load” for clothes dryers = sum of all nameplate rating of clothes dryers loads in each dwelling unit (Result#1).
 Step#2: Based on the total number of dwelling units in this building, assign the demand factor from Table 220.84.
 Step#3: 3phase service Total “demand load” for clothes dryers = (Result#1) X Demand factor.
Example#3:
What is the onefamily dwelling load contribution for a 4.5KW clothed dryer?
Solution: The minimum load using the NEC standard calculation method for a clothes dryer = 5000 watts
The load using the NEC optional calculation method for a clothes dryer = nameplate rating = 4500 watts
Example#4:
Find the solution for the same multifamily dwelling building in example#1 by using the NEC optional calculation method.
Solution:
Step#1: Total “connected load” for clothes dryers =5500 VA X 10 = 55,000 VA Step#2: from Table 220.84, For 10 dwelling units, the demand factor = 43 %.
Step#3: 3phase service Total “demand load” for clothes dryers= 55,000 VA x 0.43 = 23,650 VA Service ampacity = 23,650VA /(208 V X1.732) = 66 A < 100 A, So the calculation must be repeated using NEC standard calculation method.
B For branch circuit requirements (conductor ampacity & size and overcurrent protection) calculation
This will be explained in coming articles, however you can review the calculation for maximum number of allowable receptacles on a branch circuit which was discussed before in previous article " Receptacle Branch Circuit Design Calculations – Part Three ".
4.4 How to specify the required Type of receptacles for Clothes dryer load?
Same as that in paragraph 3.5 for Laundry receptacles.
In the next article, I will explain Receptacle branch circuits that serve other types of loads. Please, keep following.
Hello Eng. Ali,
ReplyDeleteThis is only for information. In example2, it should be 4 dryers connected b/w phases A & B, since there are 4 dryers are shown in pictorial representation.