### EE-1 Course: Voltage Ranges - Part Two

as we show in the previous topic that There are (6) ranges of voltages used in electrical world as follows:
1. Extra low voltage range
2. Low voltage range
3. Medium voltage range
4. High voltage range
5. Extra high voltage range
6. Ultra high voltage range

and now, we will know the voltage limits for each range of them in different standards and codes as follows:

Extra Low voltage range (elv)

 Standard/Code AC DC IEC (between conductor and earth) 0 -49 Volts 0 – 119 Volts NEC 0 – 49 Volts BS 0 – 49 Volts 0 – 119 Volts

Low voltage range (lv)

 Standard/Code AC DC IEC (between conductor and earth) 50 – 1000 Volts 120 – 1500 Volts BS (between conductor and earth) 50–600 Volts 120–900 Volts BS (between conductors) 50- 1000 Volts 120–1500 Volts NEC 50-600 Volts

Medium voltage range (mv)

 Standard/Code AC DC IEC /IEEE 1000 – 35 ,000 Volts 1500 V – 50 KV ANSI 1000 – 35 ,000 Volts NECA/NEMA 600 – 69 ,000 Volts BS (between conductors) 1000 – 11,000 Volts NEC MV Range not defined by NEC

High Voltage Range (hv)

 Standard/Code AC DC IEC /IEEE (between conductor and earth) 35,000 – 230,000 Volts 50 KV – 500 KV BS (between conductors) 11,000 – 66,000 Volts NEC >  600 Volts

Extra High Voltage Range (ehv)

 Standard/Code AC DC IEC /IEEE  (between conductor and earth) 230,000 – 800,000 Volts > 500 KV BS (between conductors) ≥ 66,000 Volts NEC EHV Range not defined by NEC

Ultra high voltage range (uhv)

 Standard/Code AC DC IEC /IEEE  (between conductor and earth) 1000 – 1200 KV 500- 800 KV

also, it is important to know the following three definitions which are :

System voltage

the voltage bounded by the step-up and step-down transformer voltage, e.g., 240 volts, 480 volts, and 600 volts.

Utilization voltage

the voltage at the terminals of the equipment, e.g., 230 volts, 460 volts, and 575 volts.

Service voltage

the voltage at the utility, or source supply, boundary.

Note

1- The difference between service and utilization voltage allows for voltage drop in facility wiring between the point of utility delivery and the utilization equipment. The National Electrical Code (NEC), recommends that voltage drop in branch circuits (sub panel to utilization equipment) be less than three percent. It also recommends that feeder (between main panel and subpanel) voltage drop be less than three percent, with the combined voltage drop of branch plus feeder being less than five percent.

For example, a nominal 208 V supply system will be connected to motors with "200 V" on their nameplates. This allows for the voltage drop between equipment and supply.

2- The following system voltages are the used ones around the world as follows:

For more information about
Electrical System Configurations press on the link.